International Migrants Day 2021

From Ethiopia to Somalia

“Now I am the manager of a barber shop”

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Opportunities and Risks

Ethiopian women on the Eastern mixed migration route between the Horn of Africa and Yemen

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© UNHCR/Oualid Khelifi

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Moving on

Exploring onward migration of refugees and migrants from East Africa

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About the East Africa and Yemen Regional Hub

As part of the MMC global network, MMC East Africa and Yemen works towards the objectives of the MMC by engaging in data collection, research, analysis and policy development on mixed migration.

The Mixed Migration Centre’s East Africa and Yemen Regional Hub provides quality information and analysis to improve protection and assistance responses for people on the move. Its primary objectives are to fill knowledge gaps on mixed migration in the region; to inform programming for refugees and migrants, particularly in the area of protection; and to inform policy-making around the rights and protection of people on the move. MMC’s flagship data collection project 4Mi started in East Africa and Yemen in 2014, and to date has collected more than 9000 interviews with refugees and migrants in mixed migration flows. In 2020, 4Mi data collection was ongoing in Kenya, Somalia, Djibouti, Ethiopia, Kenya, Somalia, and Yemen.

Mixed Migration in East Africa

Migration in and from East Africa is significant in volume and diverse in profile and mixed migration flows include refugees, asylum seekers, forced migrants, as well as migrants who are motivated to move by many different factors. Mixed migration flows from the East Africa region typically follow three main migratory routes: the ‘Northern Route’ towards North Africa and often onwards to Europe; the ‘Southern Route’ towards South Africa; and the ‘Eastern Route’ towards Yemen and other parts of the Gulf. MMC’s research finds that a complex mix of conflict, insecurity and economic factors are key drivers of mixed migration from East Africa, with a variety of profiles of people on the move.

Quarterly Mixed Migration Updates - East Africa & Yemen

A quarterly update on new trends and dynamics related to mixed migration and relevant policy developments in the region.

Quarterly Mixed Migration Update East Africa and Yemen, Quarter 1, 2022

This Quarterly Mixed Migration Update (QMMU) covers the East Africa and Yemen region (EAY). The core countries of focus for this region are Ethiopia, Eritrea, Kenya, Uganda, Tanzania, Burundi, Somalia, DR Congo, South Sudan and Yemen. Depending on the quarterly trends and migration-related updates, more attention may be given to any of the countries over...

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