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Latest Snapshot

Interactions between local communities and transiting migrants

Findings from Tadjourah and Obock, Djibouti

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© Jim Van Moorsel, Tadjourah, Djibouti

Latest Snapshot

Interactions between local communities and transiting migrants

Findings from Hargeisa, Somaliland

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© Francesco Teo Ficcarelli

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Quarterly Mixed Migration Updates (Q2 2022)

The latest mixed migration trends and dynamics around the world

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About MMC’s work in East and Southern Africa 

MMC engages in data collection, research, analysis and policy development on mixed migration in East and Southern Africa. The core areas of focus include the Eastern route, from East and the Horn of Africa towards the Gulf; the Southern route from East Africa and the Great Lakes towards South Africa; and the Central Mediterranean Route (also called the Northern Route) from East and the Horn of Africa towards North Africa.

Our primary objectives are to fill the knowledge gap on mixed migration in the region; to inform programming for refugees and migrants, particularly in the area of protection; and to inform policy-making around the rights and protection of people on the move.

MMC’s flagship data collection project ‘4Mi’ currently operates in Sudan, where enumerators carry out surveys with people travelling along mixed migration routes primarily from East Africa towards North Africa and Europe. 

Mixed Migration in East and Southern Africa

Migration in and from East Africa is significant in volume and diverse in profile and mixed migration flows include refugees, asylum seekers, forced migrants, as well as migrants who are motivated to move by many different factors. Mixed migration flows from the East Africa region typically follow three main migratory routes: the ‘Northern Route’ towards North Africa and often onwards to Europe; the ‘Southern Route’ towards South Africa; and the ‘Eastern Route’ towards Yemen and other parts of the Gulf. MMC’s research finds that a complex mix of conflict, insecurity and economic factors are key drivers of mixed migration from East Africa, with a variety of profiles of people on the move.

Quarterly Mixed Migration Updates - East and Southern Africa

A quarterly update on new trends and dynamics related to mixed migration and relevant policy developments in the region.

Quarterly Mixed Migration Update East and Southern Africa, Quarter 2, 2022

This Quarterly Mixed Migration Update (QMMU) covers the East and Southern Africa region (ESA). The core areas of focus include the Eastern route, from East and the Horn of Africa towards the Gulf; the Southern route from East Africa and the Great Lakes towards South Africa; and the Central Mediterranean Route (also called the Northern...

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