A study by Clingendael, Netherlands Institute of International Relations, using data from 3,500 interviews with refugees and migrants in Libya, done by the Mixed Migration Centre through its 4Mi programme.
In the first half of 2018, Niger was subject to the unexpected arrival of a group of 2,000 asylum seekers. The absence of appropriate reception structures resulted in tensions with the host community in Agadez. To be able to prepare for future movements, this report conducted a monitoring of current events in Libya, northern Chad, and north Niger that could potentially produce new, or increase current, southbound mixed migration movements. It evaluates the current population of migrants, refugees, and asylum seekers in Libya and analyses how some of the main dynamics of mixed movement have changed over the course of the last year. Key identified events that might influence the push on refugees and asylum seekers to move to Niger include: changes in departures from Libya to Europe; Increased hardship in Libya; Unrest in southern Libya and northern Chad; and Changes in the refugee camps in eastern Chad and Sudan. The report assesses to what extent these events and dynamics are currently underway.Download