Key Recommendations for Advocacy, Policy Development, and Programming on Protection in Mixed Movements:
Below is a glimpse of the broad recommendations put forward and further elaborated upon by the Roadmap to enhance the protection of refugees and migrants in mixed movements on the Central and Western Mediterranean Routes:
Emphasise systemic factors
Pro-actively consider what macro-level factors impact protection for people on the move along the CMR and WMR including, but not limited to, trafficking in persons, human smuggling and gaps in protection frameworks.
Implement flexible and adaptive protection programming
Implement protection programmes that are designed to respond to the changing needs and protection concerns of people on the move along the CMR and WMR.
Mobilise local support for national and regional protection frameworks
Adopt community-based and “whole-of-society” approaches to support local civil society and their advocacy and solidarity efforts in calling for enhanced protection frameworks.
Collaborate with cities and municipalities on urban mixed movement initiatives
Increase local capacity-building and delegate more responsibilities and adequate resources to local governing bodies to improve the protection of persons of concern in communities.
Create more comprehensive approaches to combatting trafficking in persons
Work towards more comprehensive solutions to combat trafficking in persons, and implement long-term measures to protect victims and potential victims in their communities of origin, transit and destination or resettlement.
Unpack the complex roles and dynamics within smuggling networks for more targeted policies
Develop a more nuanced policy approach on smuggling, taking into account smuggling dynamics and moving beyond the criminalisation of smugglers.
Advance child and youth-centered mixed movement programming and policies
More research is needed on the experiences, aspirations, capabilities as well as vulnerabilities of children and youth on the move, to make screening and service provision more appropriate to their needs. At the same time, age categories should not limit service provision for children and youth.
Advocate for solutions to enhance the protection of people on the move
In the absence of basic legal safeguards for refugees in some North African countries, and the criminalisation of irregular migration, advocating for creative solutions to improve the protection of those on the move requires collective action and collaboration.
Place evidence and research at the centre of programming and policy
While evidence and research on people on the move are growing, particularly along the Central and Western Mediterranean routes, it often risks not reaching the right audience or intended targets. This stems from a lack of coordination between research “producers” and potential “users” and, at times, a lack of incentives to use evidence and research for programme design, implementation and adaptation.