Mixed Migration Review 2021

Reframing human mobility in a changing world

Explore the report and watch the launch event recording
Photo: Emmanuel Nalli / Shutterstock


Protecting Rohingya Refugees in Asia

new joint ADSP, DRC, Geutanyoë Foundation, MMC project supported by ECHO

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Photo: DRC Bangladesh

First results from 4Mi data collection in Turkey

Afghans en route to Turkey

Routes, protection risks, and access to assistance

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About the Asia Regional Hub

As part of the MMC global network, MMC Asia works towards the objectives of the MMC by engaging in data collection, research, analysis and policy development on mixed migration.

MMC Asia’s main activity to date has been 4Mi data collection among Afghans on the move in Afghanistan, Europe and South/Southeast Asia. 4Mi has expanded more recently to include data collection on the movements of other groups of migrants and refugees across Southeast Asia. 4Mi data collection is currently taking place in Turkey, Indonesia and Malaysia. Data collection in Afghanistan is currently on hold.

Mixed Migration in Asia

Asia is characterized by fast evolving and complex population movements, including the large-scale and often irregular movement of migrants and refugees. Across the region, weak legal protection frameworks result in migrants and refugees often being categorized as “irregular” or “illegal” migrants, subjecting them to measures including arrest, detention and deportation as well as increasing their risk of exploitation. Throughout the region many take great risks to escape life-threatening situations, such as conflicts, violence, discrimination or natural disasters, embarking on perilous journeys by land or sea. Others, motivated in search of better opportunities, migrate to work in often dangerous, dirty and demeaning (3D) jobs, exposing them to risks such as exploitation and trafficking. Regardless of their motivations for migration, people moving in mixed flows across Asia travel along similar routes and engage similar means, often travelling irregularly with the assistance of smugglers.

Quarterly Mixed Migration Updates - Asia

A quarterly update on new trends and dynamics related to mixed migration and relevant policy developments in the region.

Quarterly Mixed Migration Update Asia, Quarter 3, 2021

This Quarterly Mixed Migration Update (QMMU) covers Southern and Southeast Asia. The core countries of focus for this region are Afghanistan, Bangladesh, India, Indonesia, Malaysia, Myanmar, Nepal, Pakistan and Thailand. Depending on the quarterly trends and migration-related updates, more attention may be given to any of the countries over the rest. The QMMUs offer a...

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