Featured article

Afghan Women and Migration

in the Era of Restrictions

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Photo credit: AX1962 / Depositphotos

Featured article

Migrant Stories

Afghans en route to Türkiye

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Photo: JonoPhotography / Depositphotos

Latest infographic

MMC’s 5 year anniversary

Highlights from 2018-2023

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About MMC’s work in Asia and the Pacific

MMC engages in data collection, research, analysis and policy development on mixed migration in Asia and the Pacific.  

Our primary objectives are to fill the knowledge gap on mixed migration in the region; to inform programming for refugees and migrants, particularly in the area of protection; and to inform policy-making around the rights and protection of people on the move. 

MMC’s flagship data collection project ‘4Mi’ currently operates in Turkey, Indonesia and Malaysia. 

Mixed Migration in Asia and the Pacific

Asia is characterized by fast evolving and complex population movements, including the large-scale and often irregular movement of migrants and refugees. Across the region, weak legal protection frameworks result in migrants and refugees often being categorized as “irregular” or “illegal” migrants, subjecting them to measures including arrest, detention and deportation as well as increasing their risk of exploitation. Throughout the region many take great risks to escape life-threatening situations, such as conflicts, violence, discrimination or natural disasters, embarking on perilous journeys by land or sea. Others, motivated in search of better opportunities, migrate to work in often dangerous, dirty and demeaning (3D) jobs, exposing them to risks such as exploitation and trafficking. Regardless of their motivations for migration, people moving in mixed flows across Asia travel along similar routes and engage similar means, often travelling irregularly with the assistance of smugglers.

Our funding partners

MMC’s work in Asia and the Pacific is made possible through the generous support and close cooperation with various partners

  • Denmark
  • Dutch Ministry of Foreign Affairs 
  • European Civil Protection and Humanitarian Aid Operations (ECHO) 

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