The Mixed Migration Centre

Photo: Sven Torfinn/Panos

What is the Mixed Migration Centre?

MMC is a global network engaged in data collection, research, analysis, and policy and programmatic development on mixed migration, with regional hubs hosted in DRC regional offices in Africa, Asia, Europe and Latin America, and a small global team in Geneva.  

MMC is a leading source for independent and high-quality data, research, analysis and expertise. MMC aims to increase understanding of mixed migration, to positively impact global and regional migration policies, to inform evidence-based protection responses for people on the move and to stimulate forward thinking in public and policy debates on mixed migration. MMC’s overarching focus is on human rights and protection for all people on the move. 

What is mixed migration?

“Mixed migration” refers to cross-border movements of people, including refugees fleeing persecution and conflict, victims of trafficking, and people seeking better lives and opportunities. Motivated to move by a multiplicity of factors, people engaged in mixed migration have a range of legal statuses as well as a variety of vulnerabilities. Although entitled to protection under international human rights law, they are exposed to multiple rights violations along their journey. Mixed migration describes refugees and migrants traveling along similar routes, using similar means of travel – often traveling irregularly, and wholly or partially, assisted by migrant smugglers.

Our initiatives


4Mi collects in-depth information directly from refugees and migrants on the move across the globe. Every day, more than 100 enumerators conduct survey interviews covering the respondent’s profile, drivers of movement and intentions, and experiences on the journey, including protection risks, interaction with smugglers, and access to information. Started in East Africa and Yemen in 2014, 4Mi has since collected more 100,000 interviews.

Photo: Clive Shirley

Mixed Migration Review

The Mixed Migration Review (MMR) is the flagship annual report of the Mixed Migration Centre, first published in 2018. The report offers a deep analytical dive into the world of mixed migration, using the mixed migration lens to offer a critical and necessary framework to understand and respond to the complex characteristics and protection imperatives that define contemporary human mobility.

Research and trend analysis

MMC’s teams conduct in-depth research and provide expert analysis on a range of mixed migration issues in Africa, Asia, Europe and Latin America. Research reports, briefing papers and 4Mi snapshots can be found under ‘Resources’ and on the regional pages. 

The regional hubs compile Quarterly Updates of mixed migration movements, data, trends and issues in each of the regions, as well as descriptions of political events and policy changes affecting mixed migration. The Quarterly Mixed Migration Updates (QMMU) are listed in the ‘Resources’ section and on the regional pages. 


Policy engagement

MMC is involved in various global and regional migration policy processes and dialogues, regularly presents at conferences, round tables and panel discussions and organises informal roundtables with policy makers to discuss migration trends and policies. MMC has also been closely following the negotiations and implementation of Global Compact for Safe, Orderly and Regular Migration. Find here a selection of MMC policy statements on GCM during the negotiations, a research report taking stock of one year of GCM implementation and a briefing paper offering an energy check and validity test of the GCM in times of COVID-19 and ahead of it’s two-year anniversary.

Evidence based mixed migration programming

Over the past decade “evidence-based programming” has become extremely popular in humanitarian response, with donors and practitioners alike emphasising the role of data in particular as a basis for informed decisionmaking. Mixed migration contexts are no exception, and this study was commissioned with a view to supporting MMC’s approaches to its third objective: contributing to evidence-based protection responses for people on the move (programming).


All our vacancies and (research) consultancies are advertised publicly on the DRC website. For any questions regarding opportunities with MMC contact us at info@mixedmigration.org


For all general inquiries, please contact us at: info@mixedmigration.org

Or contact the Head of MMC, Bram Frouws: bram.frouws@mixedmigration.org

For regional inquiries, contact one of the regional coordinators directly.

MMC and the Danish Refugee Council

MMC is part of, and governed by DRC through a Steering Committee consisting of DRC HQ and Regional representation. While its institutional link to DRC ensures MMC’s work is grounded in operational reality, it acts as an independent source of data, research, analysis and policy development on mixed migration for policy makers, practitioners, journalists, and the broader humanitarian sector. The position of MMC does not necessarily reflect the position of DRC.

Our funding partners

MMC’s work is made possible through the generous support and close cooperation with various partners, including (as of November 2021): the European Commission, the Swiss Federal Department of Foreign Affairs, the Swiss Agency for Development Cooperation, the United Kingdom Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office (FCDO), UNHCR, the Netherlands Ministry of Foreign Affairs, the Denmark Development Cooperation (DANIDA), UNFPA, ICMPD, Robert Bosch Stiftung, UNODC, Open Society Foundations, Mayors Migration Council, Ford Foundation, Porticus

  • European Union
  • Swiss FDFA
  • unhcr
  • the Netherlands
  • Denmark
  • Robert Bosch Foundation
  • Open Society Foundations
  • Mayors Migration Council
  • Ford Foundation
  • Porticus