The Mixed Migration Centre

Photo: Sven Torfinn/Panos

What is the Mixed Migration Centre?

The MMC is a leading source for independent and high-quality data, research, analysis and expertise on mixed migration. The MMC aims to increase understanding of mixed migration, to positively impact global and regional migration policies, to inform evidence-based protection responses for people on the move and to stimulate forward thinking in public and policy debates on mixed migration. The MMC’s overarching focus is on human rights and protection for all people on the move.

What is mixed migration?

Mixed migration refers to cross-border movements of people including refugees fleeing persecution and conflict, victims of trafficking and people seeking better lives and opportunities. Motivated to move by a multiplicity of factors, people in mixed flows have different legal statuses as well as a variety of vulnerabilities. Although entitled to protection under international human rights law, they are exposed to multiple rights violations along their journey. Those in mixed migration flows travel along similar routes, using similar means of travel – often travelling irregularly and wholly or partially assisted by migrant smugglers.

Our initiatives


Through a network of more than 120 monitors in over 20 countries, 4Mi – Mixed Migration Monitoring Mechanism Initiative – collects in-depth information directly from refugees and migrants on the move on a daily basis.

Photo: Clive Shirley

Mixed Migration Review

MMC’s flagship annual report on mixed migration: highlights, interviews, essays & data.

Research and trend analysis

MMC’s regional hubs conduct in-depth research and provide expert analysis on a range of mixed migration issues. Research reports and papers and 4Mi snapshots can be found under resources and on the regional pages.

The regional hubs compile Quarterly Updates of mixed migration movements, data, trends and issues in each of the regions, as well descriptions of political events and policy changes affecting mixed migration. The Quarterly Mixed Migration Updates (QMMU) are listed in the resource section and on the regional pages.

Urban migration

The overarching focus of the Mixed Migration Review 2020 to be published in November will be urban migration. This year’s edition offers updates on global mixed migration trends and policy developments while examining the role of cities in human mobility. Through essays, mini-case studies (‘urban spotlights’), interviews with leading experts and thought leaders, as well as refugees and migrants themselves the MMR 2020 offers a detailed analysis of mixed migration and cities.

As part of MMC’s focus on urban migration, MMC regional hubs conducted a series of in-depth urban migration case studies in Bamako, Bogota, Kuala Lumpur, Nairobi and Tunis. The case studies examine mixed migration dynamics in these cities by looking at urban opportunities for refugees and migrants, the risks they may face and the impact of Covid-19 on refugees and migrants in these particular urban centres. The case studies are published as separate reports and are available here.

Policy engagement

MMC is involved in various global and regional migration policy processes and dialogues, regularly presents at conferences, round tables and panel discussions and organises informal roundtables with policy makers to discuss migration trends and policies. MMC has also been closely following the negotiations and implementation of Global Compact for Safe, Orderly and Regular Migration. Find here a selection of MMC policy statements on GCM during the negotiations, a research report taking stock of one year of GCM implementation and a briefing paper offering an energy check and validity test of the GCM in times of COVID-19 and ahead of it’s two-year anniversary.

Evidence based mixed migration programming

Over the past decade “evidence-based programming” has become extremely popular in humanitarian response, with donors and practitioners alike emphasising the role of data in particular as a basis for informed decisionmaking. Mixed migration contexts are no exception, and this study was commissioned with a view to supporting MMC’s approaches to its third objective: contributing to evidence-based protection responses for people on the move (programming).


All our vacancies and (research) consultancies are advertised publicly on the DRC and MMC website. For any questions regarding opportunities with MMC contact us at info@mixedmigration.org


For all general inquiries, please contact us at: info@mixedmigration.org

Or contact the Head of MMC, Bram Frouws: bram.frouws@mixedmigration.org

For regional inquiries, contact one of the regional coordinators directly.

MMC and the Danish Refugee Council

The MMC is part of, and governed by DRC through a Steering Committee consisting of DRC HQ and Regional representation. While its institutional link to DRC ensures MMC’s work is grounded in operational reality, it acts as an independent source of data, research, analysis and policy development on mixed migration for policy makers, practitioners, journalists, and the broader humanitarian sector. The position of the MMC does not necessarily reflect the position of DRC.

Our funding partners

The MMC’s work is made possible through the generous support and close cooperation with various partners, including (as of November 2021): the European Commission, the Swiss Federal Department of Foreign Affairs, the Swiss Agency for Development Cooperation, the United Kingdom Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office (FCDO), UNHCR, the Netherlands Ministry of Foreign Affairs, the Denmark Development Cooperation (DANIDA), UNFPA, ICMPD, Robert Bosch Stiftung, UNODC, Open Society Foundations, Mayors Migration Council, Ford Foundation, Porticus

  • European Union
  • Swiss FDFA
  • unhcr
  • the Netherlands
  • Denmark
  • Robert Bosch Foundation
  • Open Society Foundations
  • Mayors Migration Council
  • Ford Foundation
  • Porticus