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Quarterly Mixed Migration Updates (Q3 2022)

The latest mixed migration trends and dynamics around the world

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Safety risks in the Darien Gap

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About MMC’s work in Latin America and the Caribbean 

MMC engages in data collection, research, analysis and policy development on mixed migration in Latin America and the Caribbean.  

Our primary objectives are to fill the knowledge gap on mixed migration in the region; to inform programming for refugees and migrants, particularly in the area of protection; and to inform policy-making around the rights and protection of people on the move. 

MMC’s flagship data collection project ‘4Mi’ currently operates in Colombia, Costa Rica, Mexico and Peru, focusing on people leaving Venezuela, as well as refugees and migrants from across Latin America and the Caribbean, and extra continentals, who are heading towards North America.

Mixed Migration in Latin America and the Caribbean

The Americas are a continent characterized primarily by intra-regional movements. Mixed migration movements in LAC gained global attention between 2017 and 2018, when the number of refugees and migrants from Venezuela sharply increased and reached virtually every country in the region. After initially adopting an open border policy, several states in LAC started imposing increasing restrictions to the mobility of Venezuelan refugees and migrants, who now struggle to move and integrate in their country of destination.

In parallel, Central and North America continue to witness mixed migration movements of two main population groups, both trying to reach the US: nationals of El Salvador, Honduras and Guatemala, leaving their countries of origin to find protection from violence and persecution by criminal gangs, improve their economic situation and reunite with family members at destination; and people on the move from African, Asian and Caribbean countries, also motivated by a variety of drivers that include searching for better opportunities but also fleeing armed conflict and persecution. Several initiatives – including safe third country agreements – have been put in place by the US to reduce both regular and irregular migration and prevent people on the move from reaching its territory.

Quarterly Mixed Migration Updates - Latin America & the Caribbean

A quarterly update on new trends and dynamics related to mixed migration and relevant policy developments in the region.

Quarterly Mixed Migration Update Latin America and the Caribbean, Q3, 2022

This Quarterly Mixed Migration Update (QMMU) covers Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC). The core focus countries for this region are the countries currently affected by the Venezuelan crisis and the Caribbean islands. This QMMU covers Mexico and Central American countries concerning northern movements to the United States. Depending on the quarterly trends and migration-related...

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