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4Mi snapshot

Published

Published by: MMC

Region: Asia

Countries

Afghanistan

Topics

4MiAssistanceCOVID-19EconomyProtection & risksReturns

4Mi snapshot: A spotlight on economic reintegration for Afghan returnees

Asia

Since January 2020, MMC Asia has been interviewing returned Afghan returnees to better understand their experiences of return and reintegration. Alongside continuing returns from Iran and Pakistan, deportations of Afghans from Turkey and European countries resumed at the end of 2020. Returns and deportations of Afghans are happening against the backdrop of increasing socioeconomic strain and instability caused by the impacts of COVID-19, ongoing conflict, faltering peace negotiations, and the withdrawal of foreign troops from Afghanistan. This snapshot explores the many challenges Afghans face upon return to Afghanistan, with a focus on economic reintegration. It aims to contribute towards building a solid evidence base to inform targeted responses on the ground, as well as advocacy efforts related to the situation of returnees. Information in this snapshot comes from 706 interviews conducted between 16 February and 25 April 2021 (540 by phone and 166 in person).

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