MMC undertook research on climate and mobility within the EU-Horn of Africa Migration Route Initiative (Khartoum Process) with the aim to better understand not only the links between climate change and mobility in Khartoum Process countries, but also to gain an understanding of current activities relating to climate mobility. Through a literature review, this briefing paper aims to provide a clear state of play on climate mobility in Khartoum Process countries, in terms of knowledge, understanding, and future projections. It also records the results of 25 expert interviews, offering an exploratory mapping of activities to respond to climate mobility in Khartoum Process countries, in terms of both policy and programming. Finally, it considers gaps and challenges to interventions on climate mobility.
This Briefing Paper builds on MMC’s past work on climate-related mobility, including its collaboration with the International Centre for Migration Policy Development (ICMPD) in the framework of the Euro-African Dialogue on Migration and Development (Rabat Process) on the report “Climate-related events and environmental stressors’ roles in driving migration in West and North Africa”.Download in English Download in French